The Free Soil Party was a very short-lived political party, remaining active from 1848 until fully absorbing into the Republican Party in 1854. The FSP was formed in Buffalo at Lafayette Square (known then as Court House Park). Although short-lived, the party was groundbreaking for mainly consisting of anti-slavery members. After fusing with the Republican Party, anti-slavery Democrats also switched parties to help the cause. Martin Van Buren was the only politician of the Free Soil Party to be nominated for president, albeit unsuccessfully.

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