W. E. B. DuBois was an American sociologist, civil rights activist and university professor. He was born in 1868 in Great Barrington, Mass., and lived until 1963 at 95 years old. He was the first African American to earn a Ph. D. at Harvard University. DuBois also co-founded the NAACP, constantly relaying to other African Americans to reject Frederick Douglass’ idea of integration and instead brace their own heritage.